French President Emmanuel Macron reviews the troops as he inaugurates a memorial for soldiers fallen in foreign conflicts, Monday Nov. 11, 2019 in Paris. As part of commemorations marking 101 years since World War I's Armistice, French President Emmanuel Macron led a ceremony for the 549 French soldiers who died in 17 theaters of conflict since the 60s. (Ludovic Marin/Pool via AP)

PARIS (AP) — French President Emmanuel Macron led Armistice Day commemorations on Monday by visiting the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier under Paris' Arc de Triomphe, as a giant tricolor flag flew overhead.

Greeted by Prime Minister Edouard Philippe, Macron laid a wreath and inspected troops during the ceremony celebrating 101 years since the Armistice that ended the slaughter of World War I.

Music from a military brass band was slightly muffled by persistent rain for the hundreds of spectators — including former French Presidents Francois Hollande and Nicolas Sarkozy — thronging the Champs Elysees avenue. Some waved French flags.

Macron later inaugurated a bronze sculpture and a memorial wall in the Andre-Citroën park, as a monument to the 549 French soldiers who died in foreign operations since 1963. They died in 17 theaters of conflict including 141 in Lebanon, 129 in Chad, 85 in Afghanistan and 78 in the former Yugoslavia.

"On this wall, in stone, we have engraved your memory," a solemn Macron said.

Commemorations were also underway in France's wartime ally, Britain.

The Royal British Legion urged the nation to remember the 100th anniversary of the first two-minute silence observed on Armistice Day by shutting out modern technology and all distractions.

"This year we're asking the nation to pause — mute your phone, close your laptop, switch off the telly — for just two minutes and pay your respects to our Armed Forces community, past and present," the legion said on its website.

A lone musician at the National Memorial Arboretum played "The Last Post," as silence fell. People at ceremonies across the country bowed their heads in respect.

In a short break from campaigning for the Dec. 12 elections, Prime Minister Boris Johnson laid a wreath during a service at St Peter's Square, Wolverhampton while Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn attended a ceremony outside Islington Town Hall, north London.

Britain's largest ceremony took place Sunday . The event in central London is traditionally held on the closest Sunday to the anniversary of the end of World War I at 11 a.m. on Nov. 11, 1918.

Queen Elizabeth II led the nation in remembering the war dead. The queen, dressed in black, watched from a balcony as her son and heir Prince Charles laid a wreath of scarlet poppies on the Cenotaph war memorial near Parliament.

The 93-year-old monarch, who served as an army mechanic during World War II, performed the wreath-laying herself for most of her 67-year reign, but has cut back on her public duties.

____

Danica Kirka in London contributed

French President Emmanuel Macron inaugurates a memorial for soldiers fallen in foreign conflicts, Monday Nov. 11, 2019 in Paris. As part of commemorations marking 101 years since World War I's Armistice, French President Emmanuel Macron led a ceremony for the 549 French soldiers who died in 17 theaters of conflict since the 60s. The monument memorial depicts six soldiers _ five men and a woman _ holding up an invisible coffin. (Johanna Geron/Pool via AP)
French President Emmanuel Macron lays a wreath of flowers as he inaugurates a memorial for soldiers fallen in foreign conflicts, Monday Nov. 11, 2019 in Paris. As part of commemorations marking 101 years since World War I's Armistice, French President Emmanuel Macron led a ceremony for the 549 French soldiers who died in 17 theaters of conflict since the 60s. The monument memorial depicts six soldiers _ five men and a woman _ holding up an invisible coffin. (Johanna Geron/Pool via AP)
French President Emmanuel Macron inaugurates a memorial for soldiers fallen in foreign conflicts, Monday Nov. 11, 2019 in Paris. As part of commemorations marking 101 years since World War I's Armistice, French President Emmanuel Macron led a ceremony for the 549 French soldiers who died in 17 theaters of conflict since the 60s. The monument memorial depicts six soldiers _ five men and a woman _ holding up an invisible coffin. (Johanna Geron/Pool via AP)
French President Emmanuel Macron lays a wreath of flowers at the Arc de Triomphe in Paris Monday Nov. 11, 2019 during commemorations marking the 101st anniversary of the 1918 armistice, ending World War I. (AP Photo/Francois Mori, Pool)
French President Emmanuel Macron stand at the tomb of the unknown soldier under the Arc de Triomphe during commemorations marking the 101st anniversary of the 1918 armistice, ending World War I, in Paris Monday Nov. 11, 2019 . (Ludovic Marin/Pool via AP)
French President Emmanuel Macron lights up the flame at the tomb of the unknown soldier next to French Armies Chief of Staff General Francois Lecointre under the Arc de Triomphe during commemorations marking the 101st anniversary of the 1918 armistice, ending World War I, in Paris Monday Nov. 11, 2019 . (Ludovic Marin/Pool via AP)
French President Emmanuel Macron listens to explanations from French army Chief of Staff Gen. Francois Lecointre as he inaugurates a memorial for soldiers fallen in foreign conflicts, Monday Nov. 11, 2019 in Paris. As part of commemorations marking 101 years since World War I's Armistice, French President Emmanuel Macron led a ceremony for the 549 French soldiers who died in 17 theaters of conflict since the 60s. (Johanna Geron/Pool via AP)
French President Emmanuel Macron meets veterans under the Arc de Triomphe during commemorations marking the 101st anniversary of the 1918 armistice, ending World War I, Monday Nov. 11, 2019 in Paris (AP Photo/Francois Mori, Pool)
French President Emmanuel Macron stands at attention at the tomb of the Unknown Soldier under the Arc de Triomphe in Paris Monday Nov. 11, 2019 during commemorations marking the 101st anniversary of the 1918 armistice, ending World War I. (AP Photo/Francois Mori, Pool)
French President Emmanuel Macron, second right, arrives at the Arc de Triomphe in Paris Monday Nov. 11, 2019 before the start of the commemorations marking the 101st anniversary of the 1918 armistice, ending World War I. (AP Photo/Francois Mori, Pool)
French President Emmanuel Macron lays a wreath of flowers at the tomb of the Unknown Soldier under the Arc de Triomphe in Paris Monday Nov. 11, 2019 during commemorations marking the 101st anniversary of the 1918 armistice, ending World War I. (AP Photo/Francois Mori, Pool)
French President Emmanuel Macron meets veterans under the Arc de Triomphe during commemorations marking the 101st anniversary of the 1918 armistice, ending World War I, Monday Nov. 11, 2019 in Paris (AP Photo/Francois Mori, Pool)
French President Emmanuel Macron with French Armies Chief of Staff General Francois Lecointre, behind, meets veterans under the Arc de Triomphe during commemorations marking the 101st anniversary of the 1918 armistice, ending World War I, Monday Nov. 11, 2019 in Paris (AP Photo/Francois Mori, Pool)
Soldiers of the
French President Emmanuel Macron with French Armies Chief of Staff General Francois Lecointre, left, meets veterans under the Arc de Triomphe during commemorations marking the 101st anniversary of the 1918 armistice, ending World War I, Monday Nov. 11, 2019 in Paris (AP Photo/Francois Mori, Pool)
French President Emmanuel Macron stand at attention at the Arc de Triomphe during commemorations marking the 101st anniversary of the 1918 armistice, ending World War I, Monday Nov. 11, 2019 in Paris (AP Photo/Francois Mori, Pool)
Big Ben's clock face marks eleven o'clock, starting a two minute silence to honour Armistice Day, at the Palace of Westminster in London, Monday Nov. 11, 2019.  Locations across the country are marking guns falling silent to end hostilities and end World War One, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month of 1918. (Yui Mok/PA via AP)
Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson attends a remembrance service on Armistice Day, the 101st anniversary of the end of the First World War, in Wolverhampton, England, Monday,  Nov. 11, 2019, while on the General Election campaign trail. (Ben Stansall/Pool Photo via AP)
Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson lays a wreath as he attends a remembrance service on Armistice Day, the 101st anniversary of the end of the First World War, in Wolverhampton, England, Monday,  Nov. 11, 2019, while on the General Election campaign trail. (Ben Stansall/Pool Photo via AP)
Britain's main opposition Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn adjusts his poppy, as he waits outside Islington Town Hall with Islington's Mayor Rakhia Ismail, ahead of observing a silence to mark Armistice Day, the anniversary of the end of the First World War, in London, Monday Nov. 11, 2019. Britain's Brexit is one of the main issues facing voters as political leaders tour the country ahead of a General Election on Dec. 12. (Jonathan Brady/PA via AP)