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Immigration spending pact has more than a border wall

Published
FILE - In this Jan. 3, 2019, file photo, a woman takes a snapshot by the border fence between San Diego, Calif., and Tijuana, as seen from Mexico. The immigration spending Congressional leaders on Thursday, Feb. 14, released details of a compromise on border and immigration enforcement that gives President Donald Trump just a sliver of the money he wanted for his border wall with Mexico. (AP Photo/Daniel Ochoa de Olza, File)

WASHINGTON (AP) — A compromise on border and immigration enforcement cleared the Senate on Thursday, giving President Donald Trump just a sliver of the money he wanted for his border wall. The White House said Trump would sign the bill and then declare a national emergency to try to shift money to wall-building from elsewhere in the federal budget. The bill, which averts another government shutdown, includes many other provisions. A look at some of the major elements:

BORDER WALL

The agreement provides $1.375 billion for 55 miles (88 kilometers) of Trump's wall, all of it in Texas' Rio Grande Valley, the busiest corridor for illegal crossings by far. The deal includes $1.03 billion for 44 miles (70 kilometers) on normal soil and 11 miles (18 kilometers) on levees. The bill does not specify how much of the construction will extend existing barriers and how much will replace those barriers.

Trump inherited barriers covering 654 miles (1,046 kilometers), or about one-third of the border, much of it built from 2006 to 2009. So far, his administration has awarded contracts for 97 miles (155 kilometers), including 83 miles (133 kilometers) to replace existing barriers. Work begins this month on his first extension — 14 miles (22 kilometers) in the Rio Grande Valley.

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SHORT-TERM FAMILY DETENTION AT THE BORDER

The pact provides $30 million for a new Customs and Border Protection holding center in El Paso, Texas, and $33.5 million to upgrade the agency's holding center in McAllen, Texas.

It prohibits "chain-link fence-type enclosures" that have been used in McAllen. Critics call them "cages." It also requires "appropriate temperature controls," a response to widespread complaints that the facilities are almost unbearably cold. And it urges the use of better blankets.

The Border Patrol's El Paso sector, which covers West Texas and New Mexico, has emerged as the second-busiest corridor for illegal crossings in the last few months, jumping past Tucson, Arizona; San Diego; and Laredo, Texas. Arrests in the El Paso sector from October through January soared 437 percent from the same period a year earlier, compared with an increase of 84 percent across the entire border.

Families and children traveling alone make up more than half of Border Patrol arrests, and agents are seeing more groups of at least 100 people in places like the New Mexico Bootheel and other remote areas.

The recent deaths of two young children in Customs and Border Protection custody led Congress to deliver $192.7 million for medical professionals, supplies such as food, infant formula and diapers, and better transportation between holding facilities.

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IMMIGRATION DETENTION BEDS

Immigration and Customs Enforcement will receive money to house an average daily population of 40,520 people, mostly single adults but also families. That's unchanged from the 2018 budget. The agency often houses more than it is budgeted for. There are currently 48,747 detainees.

Crucially, the bill does not prevent the agency from moving money around in its budget to fund more detention beds, and it does not place a cap on detentions. Initially, Democrats wanted to slash the number of beds, a move that was eventually rejected.

Immigrants in the U.S. illegally can be detained. Those who have violated the terms of their visas can be deported, usually after a criminal conviction. Immigrant detention is at the highest levels ever, as the Trump administration pushes hardline policies.

The agreement provides funding for 100,000 people to get "alternatives to detention," typically an ankle monitor, while they await court dates. The administration had requested funding for 82,000.

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BORDER PATROL HIRING

The spending bill provides no money for additional Border Patrol agents, a rebuke of the administration's initial request for 750 more agents as part of a multiyear plan to add 5,500.

Border Patrol hiring has come under heavy criticism from lawmakers in both parties.

The administration awarded consulting firm Accenture PLC a contract worth up to $297 million in November 2017 to recruit agents. Accenture is to be paid $40,000 for each hire. The Homeland Security Department's inspector general said Accenture had recruited only two agents as of Oct. 1.

The pact allows the administration to "sustain the current level of Border Patrol agents." There were 19,544 agents in January. It also gives $28.6 million for agent recruitment and retention and $28.6 million for recruitment and application processing.

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Spagat reported from San Diego.

FILE - In this Tuesday, Feb. 12, 2019, file photo, President Donald Trump speaks during a cabinet meeting at the White House in Washington. The Senate resoundingly approved a border security compromise Thursday that ignores most of President Donald Trump's demands for building a wall with Mexico but would prevent a new government shutdown. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci, File)
Graphic shows existing border fence and barriers built and apprehensions by border sector; 3c x 4 1/2 inches; 146 mm x 114 mm;
FILE - In this Tuesday, Feb. 12, 2019, file photo, President Donald Trump speaks during a cabinet meeting at the White House in Washington. The Senate resoundingly approved a border security compromise Thursday that ignores most of President Donald Trump's demands for building a wall with Mexico but would prevent a new government shutdown. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci, File)
FILE - In this Tuesday, Feb. 12, 2019, file photo, President Donald Trump speaks during a cabinet meeting at the White House in Washington. The Senate resoundingly approved a border security compromise Thursday that ignores most of President Donald Trump's demands for building a wall with Mexico but would prevent a new government shutdown. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci, File)
Graphic shows existing border fence and barriers built and apprehensions by border sector; 3c x 4 1/2 inches; 146 mm x 114 mm;
Graphic shows existing border fence and barriers built and apprehensions by border sector; 3c x 4 1/2 inches; 146 mm x 114 mm;
FILE - In this Jan. 3, 2019, file photo, a woman takes a snapshot by the border fence between San Diego, Calif., and Tijuana, as seen from Mexico. The immigration spending Congressional leaders on Thursday, Feb. 14, released details of a compromise on border and immigration enforcement that gives President Donald Trump just a sliver of the money he wanted for his border wall with Mexico. (AP Photo/Daniel Ochoa de Olza, File)
FILE - In this Jan. 3, 2019, file photo, a woman takes a snapshot by the border fence between San Diego, Calif., and Tijuana, as seen from Mexico. The immigration spending Congressional leaders on Thursday, Feb. 14, released details of a compromise on border and immigration enforcement that gives President Donald Trump just a sliver of the money he wanted for his border wall with Mexico. (AP Photo/Daniel Ochoa de Olza, File)